Just like the many varieties of turtles, there are also innumerable tortoise types, including Hermann’s Tortoise, the Red Footed Tortoise, the African Spurred Tortoise, and the species picked most commonly as pets, the Russian Tortoise. They have many common traits, but pet owners should know and understand how they differ in terms of their needs. Read on for more tidbits of info, and details regarding the different types of tortoises:
This is one of the tortoise types considered an excellent choice to become a well-loved pet because of its charming looks and petite build. The female may grow to an adult size of eight to ten inches in length, while the adult male measures only six to eight inches. It is more amenable to an outdoor enclosure because of its preference for dry conditions. Its habitat must have a daytime temperature of between 70°F to 80°F, and should stay between 65°F to 75°F during the nighttime. You must also provide a basking spot with an 85°F temperature. Its primary food consists of clover and grasses, with a moderate intake of fruits to prevent
indigestion. Their diets must contain high calcium and fiber, with low levels of protein.
African Spurred Tortoise
This tortoise species is large, and requires a high fiber diet, enjoying mixed salads of vegetables and greens. You may give them fruits, such as apples and melons, during the hot days of summer. It is advisable to only offer fruits once every 10 days – 2 weeks. Provide them with artificial warmth by placing a lamp, with a heat-emitting bulb, inside their enclosure. It must be hung at least 12 inches above the housing substrate. Likewise provide a basking area, with a temperature of 90º to 95º F, complete with a water dish. Make sure that the housing is free from predators to keep your pet safe.
Red Footed Tortoise
This species requires pet owners to stringently follow a diet consisting of 80% fibrous vegetables and 20% fruits and vegetables, including endive, mustard greens, and dandelion greens, and avoid lettuce, spinach, and kale. A substantial amount of vitamin D3 and calcium must be included in its diet. These tortoise types normally fast, especially when newly captured, so do not be alarmed if your new pet is not eating. It will gradually develop a new eating regimen as soon as it adjusts to its new habitat. If keeping your tortoise outdoors, make sure that the daytime temperature is between 90° to 95°F, and maintain a 65° to 70°F temperature during the night. This species is amenable to humid surroundings, so make sure to monitor the moisture levels often.
This species is used to leaving its enclosure early in the morning to look for food. During midday, it goes back to its home to cover and protect itself from the direct rays of the sun. They go out again late in the afternoon to eat, and will then spend the day’s remaining hours resting. This pattern makes it amenable for this species to be kept in outdoor enclosures. Its diet includes leafy greens and grasses. It must also be fed moderate amount of fruits, such as melons, grapes, strawberries, and apples.
Hermann’s Tortoises also enjoy vegetables, such as cauliflower, cucumber, broccoli, dandelions, and carrots. Take note that these are just four main tortoise types inhabiting the planet. Some of these tortoises are considered to be endangered species, and laws have been enacted to regulate their purchase and sale to protect them. Prior to purchasing your pet tortoise, make sure you check your state’s regulations regarding which types of turtles and tortoises you can legally keep as pets.